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Chat

Sending One-to-One Messages to One User

Feature Overview

When the admin sends a message to an account, the sender displayed to the recipient is the admin.
When the admin specifies an account to send a message to another account, the sender displayed to the recipient is not the admin, but the account specified by the admin.
This API does not check whether the sender and the recipients are friends or blocklisted by either party or whether the senders are muted.
This API does not check whether the recipient has muted notifications for messages from the sender by default. If needed, enter WithMuteNotifications in the SendMsgControl parameter.
For one-to-one messages, the MsgSeq field is specified by the user when the message is sent. Its value can be repeated. It is not generated by the backend and not globally unique. For group chat messages, the value of the MsgSeq field is generated by the backend, and each group maintains its respective MsgSeq which increases strictly from 1. For one-to-one messages, the historical messages of the same conversation are sorted by timestamp first, and then the historical messages of the same second are sorted by MsgSeq.
Caution
When calling this API to send a one-to-one message, you must specify whether to synchronize the message to the sender, which is the admin account or the account specified by the admin. Synchronization can be implemented via online terminals and roaming servers. This API provides the SyncOtherMachine parameter to determine whether to synchronize the message. For more information, see Sample requests below.

Sample request URL

https://xxxxxx/v4/openim/sendmsg?sdkappid=88888888&identifier=admin&usersig=xxx&random=99999999&contenttype=json

Request parameters

The following table describes the modified parameters when this API is called. For other parameters, see RESTful API Overview.
Parameter
Description
xxxxxx
Domain name corresponding to the country/region where your SDKAppID is located.
China: console.tim.qq.com
Singapore: adminapisgp.im.qcloud.com
Seoul: adminapikr.im.qcloud.com
Frankfurt: adminapiger.im.qcloud.com
Mumbai: adminapiind.im.qcloud.com
Silicon Valley: adminapiusa.im.qcloud.com
Jakarta: adminapiidn.im.qcloud.com
v4/openim/sendmsg
Request API
sdkappid
SDKAppID assigned by the Chat console when an app is created
identifier
App admin account. For more information, see the App Admin section in Login Authentication.
usersig
Signature generated by the app admin account. For details, see Generating UserSig.
random
A random 32-bit unsigned integer ranging from 0 to 4294967295.
contenttype
Request format, which should always be json.

Maximum call frequency

200 calls per second

Sample request

Here, we use sending a text message as an example. To send messages of other types, set MsgBody to the corresponding message type. For more information, see Message Formats.

The admin sends a message to another account.

Caution
If you do not want to synchronize the message to From_Account, set SyncOtherMachine to 2. To synchronize the message to From_Account, set SyncOtherMachine to 1.
{
"SyncOtherMachine": 2, // Do not synchronize the message to the sender.
"To_Account": "lumotuwe2",
"MsgSeq": 93847636,
"MsgRandom": 1287657,
"MsgBody": [
{
"MsgType": "TIMTextElem",
"MsgContent": {
"Text": "hi, beauty"
}
}
],
"CloudCustomData": "your cloud custom data",
"SupportMessageExtension": 0
}

The admin sends a message to another account and forbids callbacks for the message.

Caution
If you do not want to synchronize the message to From_Account, set SyncOtherMachine to 2. To synchronize the message to From_Account, set SyncOtherMachine to 1.
{
"SyncOtherMachine": 2, // Do not synchronize the message to the sender.
"To_Account": "lumotuwe2",
"MsgSeq": 93847636,
"MsgRandom": 1287657,
"ForbidCallbackControl":[
"ForbidBeforeSendMsgCallback",
"ForbidAfterSendMsgCallback"], // Callback forbidding control option
"MsgBody": [
{
"MsgType": "TIMTextElem",
"MsgContent": {
"Text": "hi, beauty"
}
}
],
"CloudCustomData": "your cloud custom data"
}

The admin specifies an account to send a message to another account and set the information of offline push, without synchronizing the message to From_Account.

Caution
If you do not want to synchronize the message to From_Account, set SyncOtherMachine to 2.
{
"SyncOtherMachine": 2,
"From_Account": "lumotuwe1",
"To_Account": "lumotuwe2",
"MsgSeq": 93847636,
"MsgRandom": 1287657,
"MsgBody": [
{
"MsgType": "TIMTextElem",
"MsgContent": {
"Text": "hi, beauty"
}
}
],
"CloudCustomData": "your cloud custom data",
"OfflinePushInfo": {
"PushFlag": 0,
"Desc": "Content to push offline",
"Ext": "Passthrough content",
"AndroidInfo": {
"Sound": "android.mp3"
},
"ApnsInfo": {
"Sound": "apns.mp3",
"BadgeMode": 1, // If this field is left as default or is set to `0`, the message is counted. If this field is set to `1`, the message is not counted, that is, the badge counter in the upper-right corner does not increase.
"Title":"apns title", // APNs title
"SubTitle":"apns subtitle", // APNs subtitle
"Image":"www.image.com" // Image URL
}
}
}

The admin specifies an account to send a message to another account, and specifies that the message will only be sent to online users, and no historical chat records will be stored (set OnlineOnlyFlag as 1).

Caution
To synchronize the message to From_Account, set SyncOtherMachine to 1.
{
"SyncOtherMachine": 1, // Synchronize the message to the sender.
"From_Account": "lumotuwe1",
"To_Account": "lumotuwe2",
"OnlineOnlyFlag": 1,
"MsgSeq": 93847636,
"MsgRandom": 1287657,
"MsgBody": [
{
"MsgType": "TIMTextElem",
"MsgContent": {
"Text": "hi, beauty"
}
}
],
"CloudCustomData": "your cloud custom data"
}

Request fields

Field
Type
Required
Description
SyncOtherMachine
Integer
No
1: synchronize the message to the From_Account online terminal and roaming server.
2: do not synchronize the message to From_Account.
If this field is not specified, the message will be synchronized to the From_Account roaming server.
From_Account
String
No
UserID of the sender (used to specify the message sender)
To_Account
String
Yes
UserID of the recipient
OnlineOnlyFlag
Integer
No
If this field is set to 0, the message will only be sent to the recipient online and not retained offline.
1 means that messages will not be stored in the historical chat records, meaning if the recipient is online, they will receive the message; if the recipient is not online, they will not receive the message. This is suitable for implementing some real-time status features, such as the "typing" feature.
MsgSeq
Integer
No
Sequence number (32-bit unsigned integer) of the message. The backend will use this field to remove duplicate messages and sort messages in the same second. For details, see Feature Description. If this field is left empty, the backend will enter a random number.
MsgRandom
Integer
Yes
Message random number (32-bit unsigned integer), used by the backend for deduplication of messages within the same second. Please ensure this field is filled with a random number.
ForbidCallbackControl
Array
No
Message callback forbidding field, which is valid only for this message. ForbidBeforeSendMsgCallback forbids the callback before sending the message. ForbidAfterSendMsgCallback forbids the callback after sending the message.
SendMsgControl
Array
No
Message sending control options is a String array, which is valid only for this message.
"NoUnread" means this message is not counted as unread count.
"NoLastMsg" means this message does not update the conversation List.
"WithMuteNotifications" means for this message, the Do Not Disturb Option set by the recipient for the sender takes effect (it does not take effect by default).
"NoMsgCheck" means that when cloud-based review is enabled, this message will not be submitted for review. Example: "SendMsgControl": ["NoUnread","NoLastMsg","WithMuteNotifications","NoMsgCheck"]
MsgBody
Array
Yes
Message body. For details on formats, please see Message Formats. (Note: a message can contain multiple message elements, in which case MsgBody is an array.)
MsgType
String
Yes
TIM message object type. Valid values:
TIMTextElem (text message)
TIMLocationElem (location message)
TIMFaceElem (emoji message)
TIMCustomElem (custom message)
TIMSoundElem (voice message)
TIMImageElem (image message)
TIMFileElem (file message)
TIMVideoFileElem (video message)
MsgContent
Object
Yes
Different message object types (MsgType) have different formats (MsgContent). For details, see Message Formats.
CloudCustomData
String
No
Custom message data. It is saved in the cloud and will be sent to the peer end. Such data can be pulled after the app is uninstalled and reinstalled.
SupportMessageExtension
Integer
No
Whether the message supports message extension. 0: No. 1: Yes
OfflinePushInfo
Object
No
The information to be pushed offline. For more information, see Message Formats.
IsNeedReadReceipt
Integer
No
Whether the message requires a read receipt. 0: No. 1: Yes. The default value is 0.

Sample response

Response to a successful request
{
"ActionStatus": "OK",
"ErrorInfo": "",
"ErrorCode": 0,
"MsgTime": 1572870301,
"MsgKey": "89541_2574206_1572870301"
}
Response to a failed request
{
"ActionStatus": "FAIL",
"ErrorInfo": "Fail to Parse json data of body, Please check it",
"ErrorCode": 90001
}

Response fields

Field
Type
Description
ActionStatus
String
Request result. OK: Successful; FAIL: Failed
ErrorCode
Integer
Error code. 0: Successful; other values: Failed
ErrorInfo
String
Error information
MsgTime
Integer
Message timestamp in the UNIX format
MsgKey
String
Unique identifier of the message. This field is required to recall a message. The value is a string of no more than 50 characters.

Error Codes

The returned HTTP status code for this API is always 200 unless a network error (such as error 502) occurs. The specific error code and details can be found in the response fields ErrorCode and ErrorInfo respectively. For public error codes (60000 to 79999), see Error Codes. The following table describes the error codes specific to this API:
Error Code
Description
20001
Invalid request.
20002
UserSig or A2 has expired.
20003
The UserID of the sender or recipient is invalid or does not exist. Make sure that the UserID has been imported into Chat.
20004
Network exception. Try again.
20005
Internal server error. Try again.
20006
The callback before sending a one-to-one message was triggered, and the app backend returned a response to forbid delivering the message.
90001
Failed to parse the JSON request. Make sure the format is valid.
90002
The MsgBody in the JSON request does not meet message format requirements or MsgBody is not an array. For more information, see the Message Element TIMMsgElement section in Message Formats.
90003
The JSON request does not contain the To_Account field or the To_Account field is not a string.
90005
The JSON request does not contain the MsgRandom field or the MsgRandom field is not an integer.
90007
The MsgBody field in the JSON request is not an array. Change it to an array.
90009
The request requires app admin permissions.
90010
The JSON request does not meet message format requirements. For more information, see the Message Element TIMMsgElement section in Message Formats.
90012
The account specified in To_Account does not exist or is not registered. Make sure the account has been imported to Chat and is correct.
90026
The offline retention time of the message is incorrect. Messages cannot be retained offline for more than 7 days.
90031
The SyncOtherMachine field in the JSON request is not an integer.
90044
The MsgLifeTime field in the JSON request is not an integer.
91000
Internal service error. Try again.
90992
Internal service error. Try again. If this error code is returned for all requests and third-party callback is enabled, make sure the app server returns the callback results to the Chat backend normally.
93000
The JSON packet exceeds the maximum size of 12 KB.
90048
The requested account does not exist.

API Debugging Tool

Use the RESTful API online debugging tool to debug this API.

Reference

Sending One-to-One Messages to Multiple Users (v4/openim/batchsendmsg) Querying One-to-One messages (v4/openim/admin_getroammsg) Recalling One-to-One Messages (v4/openim/admin_msgwithdraw)

Possible Webhooks