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RTC Engine
Overview
  • Web
    • Run Sample Demo
    • SDK Quickstart
    • Basic Features
      • Screen Sharing
      • Live Streaming
      • Media Device
      • Audio Volume
      • Set Encoding Profile
      • Detect Network Quality
      • Detect Capabilities
    • Advance Features
      • Enable AI Denoiser
      • Enable Audio Mixer
      • Enable Watermark
      • Enable Beauty and Effects
      • Data Messages
      • Custom Capturing and Rendering
    • API List
    • Released Notes
    • Supported Platforms
    • Web FAQs
      • Optimize Multi-Person Video Calls
      • Handle Autoplay Restriction
      • Handle Firewall Restriction
      • Others
  • Android
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2.Importing the SDK
      • 3.Entering a Room
      • 4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams
      • 5.Publish Audio/Video Streams
      • 6.Exiting a Room
      • 7.Sensing Network Quality
      • 8.Enabling Screen Sharing
      • 9.Setting Video Quality
      • 10.Rotating Videos
    • Testing Newwork Quality
    • Custom Capturing and Rendering
    • Custom Audio Capturing and Playback
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • TRTCCloud
      • TRTCStatistics
      • TRTCCloudListener
      • TXAudioEffectManager
      • TXBeautyManager
      • TXDeviceManager
      • Type Definition
      • Deprecated Interface
      • Error Codes
    • Solution
      • Real-Time Chorus (TUIKaraoke)
        • Quick Integration
        • Implementation Steps
        • Song Synchronization
        • Lyric Synchronization
        • Vocal Synchronization
        • Mixing Stream Solution
        • TRTCKaraoke APIs
        • FAQs
    • Release Notes
  • iOS
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2.Importing the SDK
      • 3.Entering a Room
      • 4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams
      • 5.Publish Audio/Video Streams
      • 6.Exiting a Room
      • 7.Sensing Network Quality
      • 8.Enabling Screen Sharing
      • 9.Setting Video Quality
      • 10.Rotating Videos
    • Testing Network Quality
    • Custom Capturing and Rendering
    • Custom Audio Capturing and Playback
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • TRTCCloud
      • TRTCCloudDelegate
      • TRTCStatistics
      • TXAudioEffectManager
      • TXBeautyManager
      • TXDeviceManager
      • Type Definition
      • Deprecated Interface
      • ErrorCode
    • Solution
      • Quick Integration
      • Implementation Steps
      • Song Synchronization
      • Lyric Synchronization
      • Vocal Synchronization
      • Mixing Stream Solution
      • TRTCKaraoke APIs
      • FAQs
    • Release Notes
  • macOS
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2.Importing the SDK
      • 3.Entering a Room
      • 4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams
      • 5.Publish Audio/Video Streams
      • 6.Exiting a Room
      • 7.Sensing Network Quality
      • 8.Enabling Screen Sharing
      • 9.Sharing Computer Audio
      • 10.Setting Video Quality
      • 11.Rotating Videos
    • Testing Hardware Devices
    • Testing Network Quality
    • Custom Capturing and Rendering
    • Custom Audio Capturing and Playback
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • TRTCCloud
      • TRTCCloudDelegate
      • TRTCStatistics
      • TXAudioEffectManager
      • TXBeautyManager
      • TXDeviceManager
      • Type Definition
      • Deprecated Interface
      • ErrorCode
      • Release Notes
    • Release Notes
  • Windows
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2.Importing the SDK
      • 3.Entering a Room
      • 4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams
      • 5.Publish Audio/Video Streams
      • 6.Exiting a Room
      • 7.Sensing Network Quality
      • 8.Enabling Screen Sharing
      • 9.Setting Video Quality
      • 10.Rotating Videos
    • Testing Hardware Devices
    • Testing Network Quality
    • Custom Capturing and Rendering
    • Custom Audio Capturing and Playback
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • ITRTCCloud
      • ITRTCStatistics
      • TRTCCloudCallback
      • ITXAudioEffectManager
      • ITXDeviceManager
      • Type Definition
      • Deprecated Interface
      • Error Codes
    • Release Notes
  • Electron
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2.Importing the SDK
      • 3.Entering a Room
      • 4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams
      • 5.Publish Audio/Video Streams
      • 6.Exiting a Room
      • 7.Sensing Network Quality
      • 8.Enabling Screen Sharing
      • 9.Sharing Computer Audio
      • 10.Setting Video Quality
      • 11.Rotating Videos
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • Error Codes
  • Flutter
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2.Importing the SDK
      • 3.Entering a Room
      • 4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams
      • 5.Publish Audio/Video Streams
      • 6.Exiting a Room
      • 7.Sensing Network Quality
      • 8.Enabling Screen Sharing
      • 9.Sharing Computer Audio
      • 10.Setting Video Quality
      • 11.Rotating Videos
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • Error Codes
  • Unity
    • Integration
      • 1.API Examples
      • 2Importing the SDK
    • Client APIs
      • Overview
      • Error Codes
  • Qt
    • Integration
      • 1.Importing the SDK
  • Overview
    • Overview
  • Concepts
  • Features
  • Performance Statistics
  • Pricing
    • RTC-Engine Packages
    • Billing of On-Cloud Recording
    • Billing of MixTranscoding and Relay to CDN
    • Billing Explanation for Subscription Package Duration
    • Billing of Monitoring Dashboard
    • Free Minutes
    • Pay-As-You-Go
  • Tencent RTC Quickplay: Experience Ultimate Real-Time Audio and Video Interaction!
  • FAQs
    • FAQs for Beginners
    • Migration Guide
      • Twilio Video to Tencent RTC
      • Billing
      • Features
      • UserSig
      • Firewall Restrictions
      • How to Downsize Installation Package
      • TRTCCalling for Web
      • Audio and Video Quality
      • Others
RTC Engine

4.Subscribing to Audio/Video Streams

This document describes how to subscribe to the audio/video streams of another user in the room, i.e., how to play back the audio/video of another user. For the sake of convenience, "another user in the room" is called a "remote user" in this document.



Call Guide

Step 1. Perform prerequisite steps

Import the SDK and configure the application permissions as instructed in iOS.

Step 2. Set the subscription mode (optional)

You can call the setDefaultStreamRecvMode API in TRTCCloud to set the subscription mode. TRTC provides two subscription modes:
Automatic subscription: The SDK automatically plays back remote users’ audio without additional manual operations required. This is the default subscription mode.
Manual subscription: The SDK doesn't automatically pull or play back remote users’ audio. You need to call muteRemoteAudio(userId, false) to play back the audio.
Note:
If you do not call setDefaultStreamRecvMode, the automatic subscription mode will be used. However, if you want to use the manual subscription mode, note that setDefaultStreamRecvMode can take effect only if it is called before enterRoom.

Step 3. Enter a TRTC room

Make the current user enter a TRTC room as instructed in Entering a Room. A user can subscribe to the audio/video streams of a remote user only after a successful room entry.

Step 4. Play back an audio stream

You can call muteRemoteAudio("denny", true) to mute the remote user denny and then call muteRemoteAudio("denny", false) to unmute denny.
Android
iOS&Mac
Windows
// Mute the user with ID denny
mCloud.muteRemoteAudio("denny", true);
// Unmute the user with ID denny
mCloud.muteRemoteAudio("denny", false);

self.trtcCloud = [TRTCCloud sharedInstance];
// Mute the user with ID denny
[self.trtcCloud muteRemoteAudio:@"denny" mute:YES];
// Unmute the user with ID denny
[self.trtcCloud muteRemoteAudio:@"denny" mute:YES];

// Mute the user with ID denny
trtc_cloud_->muteRemoteAudio("denny", true);
// Unmute the user with ID denny
trtc_cloud_->muteRemoteAudio("denny", false);


Step 5. Play back a video stream

1. Start and stop playback (startRemoteView + stopRemoteView)

You can call startRemoteView to play back the video of a remote user, but only after you pass in a view object to the SDK as the rendering control that carries the user's video image.
The first parameter of startRemoteView is userId of the remote user, the second is the stream type of the user, and the third is the view object to be passed in. The second parameter streamType has three valid values:
TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig: The primary stream, which is generally used to display the user's camera image.
TRTCVideoStreamTypeSub: The substream, which is generally used to display the user's screen sharing image.
TRTCVideoStreamTypeSmall: A lower quality video of the user's primary stream. You can play back the lower quality video of a remote user only after the user enables dual-stream mode (enableEncSmallVideoStream). The high quality stream and low quality stream cannot be played back at the same time.
You can call the stopRemoteView API to stop playing back the video of one remote user or call the stopAllRemoteView API to stop playing back videos of all remote users.
Android
iOS&Mac
Windows
// Play back the camera (primary stream) image of `denny`
mCloud.startRemoteView("denny", TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_STREAM_TYPE_BIG, cameraView);
// Play back the screen sharing (substream) image of `denny`
mCloud.startRemoteView("denny", TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_STREAM_TYPE_SUB, screenView);
// Play back the lower quality video image of `denny` (The high quality stream and low quality stream cannot be played back at the same time)
mCloud.startRemoteView("denny", TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_STREAM_TYPE_SMALL, cameraView);
// Stop playing back the camera image of `denny`
mCloud.stopRemoteView("denny", TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_STREAM_TYPE_BIG, cameraView);
// Stop playing back the video images of all remote users
mCloud.stopAllRemoteView();

self.trtcCloud = [TRTCCloud sharedInstance];
// Play back the camera (primary stream) image of `denny`
[self.trtcCloud startRemoteView:@"denny" streamType:TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig view:cameraView];
// Play back the screen sharing (substream) image of `denny`
[self.trtcCloud startRemoteView:@"denny" streamType:TRTCVideoStreamTypeSub view:screenView];
// Play back the lower quality video image of `denny` (The high quality stream and low quality stream cannot be played back at the same time)
[self.trtcCloud startRemoteView:@"denny" streamType:TRTCVideoStreamTypeSmall view:cameraView];
// Stop playing back the camera image of `denny`
[self.trtcCloud stopRemoteView:@"denny" streamType:TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig view:cameraView];
// Stop playing back the video images of all remote users
[self.trtcCloud stopAllRemoteView];

// Play back the camera (primary stream) image of `denny`
trtc_cloud_->startRemoteView("denny", liteav::TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig, (liteav::TXView)(hWnd));
// Play back the screen sharing (substream) image of `denny`
trtc_cloud_->startRemoteView("denny", liteav::TRTCVideoStreamTypeSub, (liteav::TXView)(hScreenWnd));
// Play back the lower quality video image of `denny` (The high quality stream and low quality stream cannot be played back at the same time)
trtc_cloud_->startRemoteView("denny", liteav::TRTCVideoStreamTypeSmall, (liteav::TXView)(hWnd));
// Stop playing back the camera image of `denny`
trtc_cloud_->stopRemoteView("denny", liteav::TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig);
// Stop playing back the video images of all remote users
trtc_cloud_->stopAllRemoteView();


2. Set playback parameters (updateRemoteView and setRemoteRenderParams)

You can call the updateRemoteView API to change the view object during playback. This is useful for switching the video rendering control. You can use setRemoteRenderParams to set the video image fill mode, rotation angle, and mirror mode.
Fill mode: You can use the fill mode or fit mode. In both modes, the original image aspect ratio is not changed. The difference is whether black bars are displayed.
Rotation angle: You can set the rotation angle to 0, 90, 180, or 270 degrees.
Mirror mode: Indicates whether to flip the image horizontally.
Android
iOS&Mac
Windows
// Switch the primary stream image of `denny` to a small floating window (`miniFloatingView`)
mCloud.updateRemoteView("denny", TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_STREAM_TYPE_BIG, miniFloatingView);

// Set the fill mode of the primary stream image of the remote user `denny` to fill, and disable mirror mode
TRTCCloudDef.TRTCRenderParams param = new TRTCCloudDef.TRTCRenderParams();
param.fillMode = TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_RENDER_MODE_FILL;
param.mirrorType = TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_MIRROR_TYPE_DISABLE;
mCloud.setRemoteRenderParams("denny", TRTCCloudDef.TRTC_VIDEO_STREAM_TYPE_BIG, param);

self.trtcCloud = [TRTCCloud sharedInstance];
// Switch the primary stream image of `denny` to a small floating window (`miniFloatingView`)
[self.trtcCloud updateRemoteView:miniFloatingView streamType:TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig forUser:@"denny"];
// Set the fill mode of the primary stream image of the remote user `denny` to fill, and disable mirror mode
TRTCRenderParams *param = [[TRTCRenderParams alloc] init];
param.fillMode = TRTCVideoFillMode_Fill;
param.mirrorType = TRTCVideoMirrorTypeDisable;
[self.trtcCloud setRemoteRenderParams:@"denny" streamType:TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig params:param];

// Switch the primary stream image of `denny` to another window (suppose the handle of the new window is `newView`)
trtc_cloud_->updateRemoteView("denny", liteav::TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig, (liteav::TXView)(newView));

// Set the fill mode for the primary stream image of the remote user `denny` to fill, and enable mirror mode
liteav::TRTCRenderParams param;
param.fillMode = TRTCVideoFillMode_Fill;
param.mirrorType = TRTCVideoMirrorType_Enable;
trtc_cloud_->setRemoteRenderParams("denny", TRTCVideoStreamTypeBig, param);


Step 6. Get the audio/video status of a remote user in the room

In steps 4 and 5, you can control the audio/video playback of remote users. However, if there isn't sufficient information, you won’t be able to know:
What users are in the current room
The camera and mic status of users in the room
To solve this problem, you need to listen for the following event callbacks from the SDK: Audio status change notification (onUserAudioAvailable) Listen for onUserAudioAvailable(userId,boolean) to be notified when a remote user turns their mic on/off.
Video status change notification (onUserVideoAvailable) Listen for onUserVideoAvailable(userId,boolean) to be notified when a remote user turns their camera on/off. Listen for onUserSubStreamAvailable(userId,boolean)` to be notified when a remote user enables/disables screen sharing.
User room entry/exit notification (onRemoteUserEnter/LeaveRoom) When a remote user enters the current room, you can use onRemoteUserEnterRoom(userId) to get userId of the user. When a remote user exits the current room, you can use onRemoteUserLeaveRoom(userId, reason) to get userId of the user and the reason for the exit.
Note:
More accurately, onRemoteUserEnter/LeaveRoom is triggered only when an anchor enters/leaves the room. This prevents the problem of receiving frequent notifications of room entries/exits when there are a high number of audience members in the room.
With the event callbacks above, you can know the users in the room and whether they have turned on their cameras and mics. In the sample code below, mCameraUserList, mMicrophoneUserList, and mUserList are used to maintain the following information respectively:
What users (anchors) are in the room
Which users have turned on their cameras
Which users have turned on their mics
Android
iOS&Mac
Windows
// Get the change of the video status of a remote user and update the list of users who have turned on their cameras (`mCameraUserList`)
@Override
public void onUserVideoAvailable(String userId, boolean available) {
available?mCameraUserList.add(userId) : mCameraUserList.remove(userId);
}

// Get the change of the audio status of a remote user and update the list of users who have turned on their mics (`mMicrophoneUserList`)
@Override
public void onUserAudioAvailable(String userId, boolean available) {
available?mMicrophoneUserList.add(userId) : mMicrophoneUserList.remove(userId);
}

// Get the room entry notification of a remote user and update the remote user list (`mUserList`)
@Override
public void onRemoteUserEnterRoom(String userId) {
mUserList.add(userId);
}

// Get the room exit notification of a remote user and update the remote user list (mUserList)
@Override
public void onRemoteUserLeaveRoom(String userId, int reason) {
mUserList.remove(userId);
}

// Get the change of the video status of a remote user and update the list of users who have turned on their cameras (`mCameraUserList`)
- (void)onUserVideoAvailable:(NSString *)userId available:(BOOL)available{
if (available) {
[mCameraUserList addObject:userId];
} else {
[mCameraUserList removeObject:userId];
}
}

// Get the change of the audio status of a remote user and update the list of users who have turned on their mics (`mMicrophoneUserList`)
- (void)onUserAudioAvailable:(NSString *)userId available:(BOOL)available{
if (available) {
[mMicrophoneUserList addObject:userId];
} else {
[mMicrophoneUserList removeObject:userId];
}
}

// Get the room entry notification of a remote user and update the remote user list (`mUserList`)
- (void)onRemoteUserEnterRoom:(NSString *)userId{
[mUserList addObject:userId];
}

// Get the room exit notification of a remote user and update the remote user list (mUserList)
- (void)onRemoteUserLeaveRoom:(NSString *)userId reason:(NSInteger)reason{
[mUserList removeObject:userId];
}

// Get the change of the video status of a remote user and update the list of users who have turned on their cameras (`mCameraUserList`)
void onUserVideoAvailable(const char* user_id, bool available) {
available ? mCameraUserList.push_back(user_id) : mCameraUserList.remove(user_id);
}

// Get the change of the audio status of a remote user and update the list of users who have turned on their mics (`mMicrophoneUserList`)
void onUserAudioAvailable(const char* user_id, bool available) {
available ? mMicrophoneUserList.push_back(user_id) : mMicrophoneUserList.remove(user_id);
}

// Get the room entry notification of a remote user and update the remote user list (`mUserList`)
void onRemoteUserEnterRoom(const char* user_id) {
mUserList.push_back(user_id);
}

// Get the room exit notification of a remote user and update the remote user list (mUserList)
void onRemoteUserLeaveRoom(const char* user_id, int reason) {
mUserList.remove(user_id);
}


Advanced Guide

1. What are the differences between different muting methods?

There are three muting methods which work in completely different ways:
Method 1. The player stops subscribing to the audio stream To stop playing back the audio of the remote user denny, you can call muteRemoteAudio("denny", true), and the SDK will stop pulling audio data from denny. In this mode, less traffic is used. However, because the SDK needs to restart the audio data pull process to resume audio playback, switching from the muted to unmuted status is slow.
Method 2. Adjust the playback volume level to zero If you need to switch between the muted and unmuted status more quickly, you can use setRemoteAudioVolume("denny", 0), which sets the playback volume level of the remote user denny to zero. Because this API doesn't involve network operations, it takes effect very quickly.
Method 3. The remote user turns off the mic All operations described in this document are performed in the player and take effect only for the local user. For example, if you call muteRemoteAudio("denny", true) to mute the remote user denny, other users in the room can still hear denny. To completely disable the audio of denny, you need to change the way their audio is published. For more information, see Publishing Audio/Video Streams.