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Chat

Sending Message

Feature Description

The method for sending a message is included in the core class TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().
It supports sending text, custom, and rich media messages, all of which belong to the V2TimMessage type.
V2TimMessage can contain different sub-types to indicate different types of messages.

Key APIs

The sendMessage (Details) API is the core API for sending a message. It supports sending all types of messages.
Note:
The advanced message sending API mentioned below refers to sendMessage.
This API is detailed as follows:
public sendMessage({
id,
receiver,
groupID,
onlineUserOnly = false,
isExcludedFromLastMessage = false,
isExcludedFromUnreadCount = false,
needReadReceipt = false,
offlinePushInfo,
cloudCustomData,
localCustomData,
priority = MessagePriorityEnum.V2TIM_PRIORITY_NORMAL,
}: {
id: string;
receiver: string;
groupID: string;
onlineUserOnly?: boolean;
isExcludedFromUnreadCount?: boolean;
isExcludedFromLastMessage?: boolean;
needReadReceipt?: boolean;
offlinePushInfo?: V2TimOfflinePushInfo;
cloudCustomData?: string;
localCustomData?: string;
priority?: MessagePriorityEnum;
})
Parameters:
Parameter
Definition
Valid for One-to-One Chat
Valid for Group Chat
Description
id
ID returned after message creation
YES
YES
Create the message using the `createXxxMessage` API in advance.
receiver
`userID` of the one-to-one message receiver.
YES
NO
Just specify `receiver` for sending one-to-one chat messages.
groupID
`groupID` of the group chat
NO
YES
Just specify `groupID` for sending group messages.
priority
Message priority
NO
YES
Set a higher priority for important messages (such as those for red packets and gifts) and a lower priority for frequent and unimportant messages (such as those for likes).
onlineUserOnly
Whether only online users can receive the message.
YES
YES
If it is set to `true`, the message cannot be pulled by a receiver through historical messages. This is often used to implement weak prompts, such as "The other party is typing..." and unimportant prompts in a group.
offlinePushInfo
Offline push message
YES
YES
The title and content carried when a message is pushed offline.
needReadReceipt
Whether a read receipt is supported for the sent group message
NO
YES
Whether a read receipt is supported for the sent group message
isExcludedFromUnreadCount
Whether the sent message is counted as the unread message of the conversation
YES
YES
If it is set to `true`, the sent message is not counted as the unread message of the conversation. It defaults to `false`.
isExcludedFromLastMessage
Whether the sent message is included in the `lastMessage` of the conversation
YES
YES
If it is set to `true`, the sent message is not included in the `lastMessage` of the conversation. It defaults to `false`.
cloudCustomData
Cloud message data
YES
YES
Extra data of the message that is stored in the cloud and can be accessed by the receiver.
localCustomData
Local message data
YES
YES
Extra data of the message that is stored locally. It cannot be accessed by the receiver and will be lost after the application is uninstalled.

Note:
If both groupID and receiver are set, targeted group messages are sent to receiver. For more information, see the Sending a Targeted Group Message section of Flutter.

Sending Text Messages

Text messages include one-to-one messages and group messages, which are different in terms of APIs and parameters.
The ordinary and advanced APIs can be used to send text messages. The latter supports more sending parameters (such as priority and offline push message). The ordinary API is as described below, while the advanced API is sendMessage mentioned above.

One-to-one text message

Advanced API

Take the following two steps to send a one-to-one text message with the advanced API:
1. Call createTextMessage (Details) to create a text message.
2. Call sendMessage (Details) to send the message.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

// Create a text message
const createTextMessage = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().createTextMessage("test");
if(createTextMessage.code == 0){
String id = createTextMessage.data.id;

// Send the text message
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "");
if(sendMessageRes.code == 0){
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Group text message

Advanced API

Take the following two steps to send a group text message with the advanced API:
1. Call createTextMessage (Details) to create a text message.
2. Call sendMessage (Details) to send the message.
Sample code:
// Create a text message
const text = "test";
const atUserList = [];

const createTextAtMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().createTextAtMessage(text, atUserList);
if(createTextAtMessageRes.code == 0){
const id = createTextAtMessageRes.data.id;

// Send the text message
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "", groupID: "groupID");
if(sendMessageRes.code == 0){
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Sending Custom Messages

Custom messages include one-to-one messages and group messages, which are different in terms of APIs and parameters. Custom messages can be sent with ordinary and advanced APIs. The advanced API is sendMessage (Details) mentioned above, which supports more sending parameters (such as priority and offline push message) than the ordinary API.

Custom one-to-one message

Advanced API

Take the following two steps to send a custom one-to-one message with the advanced API:
1. Call createCustomMessage (Details) to create a custom message.
2. Call sendMessage (Details) to send the message.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

// Create a custom message
const createCustomMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().createCustomMessage(
data: 'Custom data',
desc: 'Custom desc',
extension: 'Custom extension',
);
if(createCustomMessageRes.code == 0){
const id = createCustomMessageRes.data.id;
// Send the custom message
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "");
if(sendMessageRes.code == 0){
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Custom group message

Advanced API

Take the following two steps to send a custom group message with the advanced API:
1. Call createCustomMessage (Details) to create a custom message.
2. Call sendMessage (Details) to send the message.
Sample code:
// Create a custom message
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

// Create a custom message
const createCustomMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().createCustomMessage(
data: 'Custom data',
desc: 'Custom desc',
extension: 'Custom extension',
);
if(createCustomMessageRes.code == 0){
const id = createCustomMessageRes.data.id;
// Send the custom message
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "", groupID: "groupID");
if(sendMessageRes.code == 0){
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Sending Rich Media Messages

A rich media message can be sent only with the advanced API in the following steps:
1. Call createXxxMessage to create a rich media message object of a specified type, where Xxx indicates the specific message type.
2. Call sendMessage(Details) to send the message.
3. Get the callback for message sending success or failure.

Image message

To create an image message, you need to get the path of a local image first. During message sending, the image is uploaded to the server, and the upload progress is called back. The message is sent after the image is uploaded successfully.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

const imagePath = 'The absolute path of the local image';
const createImageMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().createImageMessage(imagePath);
if (createImageMessageRes.code == 0) {
const id = createImageMessageRes.data.id;
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin
.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "groupID");
if (sendMessageRes.code == 0) {
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Audio message

To create an audio message, you need to get the path and audio duration of a local audio file first, where the audio duration is for display on the receiver UI. During message sending, the audio is uploaded to the server, and the upload progress is called back. The message is sent after the audio is uploaded successfully.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

const soundPath = 'The absolute path of the local audio file';
const duration = 10; // The audio duration
const createSoundMessageRes =
await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager.getMessageManager().createSoundMessage(
soundPath,
duration// The audio duration
);
if (createSoundMessageRes.code == 0) {
const id = createSoundMessageRes.data.id;
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin
.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "groupID");
if (sendMessageRes.code == 0) {
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Video message

To create a video message, you need to get the path, video duration, and video thumbnail of a local video file first, where the video duration and thumbnail are for display on the receiver UI. During message sending, the video is uploaded to the server, and the upload progress is called back. The message is sent after the video is uploaded successfully.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

const videoFilePath = 'The absolute path of the local video file';
const type = "mp4"; // The video type
const duration = 10; // The video duration
const snapshotPath = "The absolute path of the local video thumbnail file";
const createVideoMessageRes =
await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.createVideoMessage(
videoFilePath,
type, // The video type
duration,// The video duration
snapshotPath,
);
if (createVideoMessageRes.code == 0) {
const id = createVideoMessageRes.data.id;
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin
.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "groupID");
if (sendMessageRes.code == 0) {
// Message sent successfully
}
}

File message

To create a file message, you need to get the path of a local file first. During message sending, the file is uploaded to the server, and the upload progress is called back. The message is sent after the file is uploaded successfully.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

filePath: "The absolute path of the local file",
const fileName = "Filename";
const createFileMessageRes =
await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.createFileMessage(
filePath,
fileName,
);
if (createFileMessageRes.code == 0) {
const id = createFileMessageRes.data.id;
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin
.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "groupID");
if (sendMessageRes.code == 0) {
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Location message

To send a location message, the corresponding latitude and longitude information is sent. This type of message requires a map control for display.
Sample code:
import { TencentImSDKPlugin } from 'react-native-tim-js';

const desc = "Shennan Boulevard, Nanshan District, Shenzhen"
const longitude = 34;
const latitude = 20;
const createLocationMessage =
await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.createLocationMessage(
desc,// The location info summary
longitude,// The longitude
latitude, // The latitude
);
if (createLocationMessage.code == 0) {
const id = createLocationMessage.data.id;
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin
.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "groupID");
if (sendMessageRes.code == 0) {
// Message sent successfully
}
}

Emoji message

To send an emoji message, the corresponding emoji code is sent and then converted into the icon in the receiver.
Sample code:
const createFaceMessageRes =
await TencentImSDKPlugin.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.createFaceMessage(
0,
"",
);
if (createFaceMessageRes.code == 0) {
const id = createFaceMessageRes.data.id;
const sendMessageRes = await TencentImSDKPlugin
.v2TIMManager
.getMessageManager()
.sendMessage(id: id, receiver: "userID", groupID: "groupID");
if (sendMessageRes.code == 0) {
// Message sent successfully
}
}